Over the past couple of years, the news has been filled with events of spills and other oil drilling-related disasters that have damaged the environment. Because of this, many people are against drilling for oil. However, many of these people do not know that if drilling is performed properly, it is a safe process for both workers and the environment.
How Does Oil Drilling Work?
When oil is suspected in the Earth’s crust, geologists use a variety of methods to narrow an oil trap to a precise location. First, these geologists use satellite images to examine surface rocks and soil. Samples may also be obtained in some cases. The flow of oil can also be identified through the use gravity meters. These devices identify fluctuations in the Earth’s gravity, a key sign of liquid flowing through a pocket. An examination of the Earth’s magnetic field can also be used to located oil traps. Shock waves are the most common and effective method of locating oil pockets. They work in a manner that is similar to a submarine’s sonar. Once an oil trap is precisely located, the preparations for drilling can begin.
Prior to drilling, geologists will map out the boundaries of the land or seafloor, while attorneys receive the appropriate legal permissions. Environmental impact studies will also be conducted to ensure that drilling will not damage the seafloor or disrupt a large amount of local wildlife. If the drilling is approved in all areas, the land will be prepared for drilling. First, the land will be cleared and leveled. Next, a water source will be connected to the drill site. After this, a reserve pit will be dug and lined with plastic. This will be used to store waste and protect the environment during the drilling process.
After the initial preparations are complete, the main hole is dug for the drilling project. Outside of this, holes are dug out for the rig and work space for the crew and other drilling equipment. When over a body of water, the rig and work space are built onto a barge instead of additional holes. When it is time for the drilling process, the drill and oil pipe are placed into the hole. The drill breaks into the oil trap and the pipe extracts oil. Readjustments may be necessary when the oil levels begin to decrease.
When all of the drilling processes are done properly with top-quality equipment, the risk of environmental damage is quite low. This ensures that companies like RK Pipe are able to work efficiently while keeping the environment clean.